A mechanical/structural study of pericardia from four mammalian species high strain rate testing, biochemical analysis, and histology.

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Published by National Library of Canada = Bibliothèque nationale du Canada in Ottawa .

Written in English

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Book details

SeriesCanadian theses = Thèses canadiennes
The Physical Object
Pagination2 microfiches.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL21715776M
ISBN 100315656050

Download A mechanical/structural study of pericardia from four mammalian species

This paper examines the pericardia of calves, dogs, pigs, and sheep using a structural/mechanical approach with techniques novel to the pericardial literature.

Wendy A. Naimark has written: 'A mechanical/structural study of pericardia from four mammalian species'. The pericardium’s collagenous structure limits over-expansion of the heart, couples the left and right ventricles, and keeps the heart in place in the chest cavity.

Experimental volume overload studies in dogs have demonstrated consequent pericardial remodeling. By comparison, the maternal heart is subjected to large, natural volume overload but with altered hormonal by: 1.

Correlation of structure and viscoelastic propoerties in the pericardia of four mammalian species. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. ; H–H [ PubMed ]Cited by:   Various mammalian species were investigated to explore alternatives to bovine and porcine pericardia to find the thinnest and most resistant valve material to crimping and expansion.

For example, ostrich pericardium was shown to be moderately thinner with lower elastin and collagen content, but with a higher tensile stress at rupture compared Cited by: 2. Collagen fibrils constitute the structural framework of mammalian pericardia.

The collagen content of porcine pericardia reported in the Naimark's study was approximately 80%. It is known that bioprostheses derived from collagenous tissues have to be fixed by a crosslinking agent and subsequently sterilized before they can be implanted in humans.

The mechanisms underlying this quasi-elastic behavior are as yet unknown, but are likely an important functional aspect of native mitral valve tissues and clearly warrant further study.

Keywords Mitral valve Heart valves Biaxial mechanical properties Strain rate Stress–strain relation. because he published his book "On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection" In Darwin's book, he.

4) mechanical isolation 5) gametic isolation. The number of mammalian species greatly increased after most of the dinosaurs became extinct. protein is transferred to a channel in the inner membrane 5. chaperones bind to protein as it enters the matrix 6.

matrix targeting sequence is cleaved by an enzyme in the matrix 7. protein is completely threaded into matrix 8.

chaperones are released and protein folds into 3D structure. The mechanical behaviour of pericardia from mammalian species other than pig, calf and humans was investigated, too.

Major data on the mechanical characterization of ostrich, dog and donkey pericardium are presented in Tables 5–7. differently sized mammalian species [7, 8].

Mammalian Heart Conserved Throughout Evolution During the many years of study of form and function of mammalian hearts from mouse to whale we found no fundamental differences between the hearts and circulation of otherwise widely dissimilar species. The mechanical properties of the LV wall, resulting from a variety of cellular and extracellular elements, determine active relaxation and passive stiffness of the LV during diastole (7, 41).

The passive mechanical elements of the entire myocardium have been extensively studied (10, 15, 18). Another mechanical element that is separate from the.

However, the functional relationship between alveolar bone remodelling within the molar region and masticatory forces is not well understood. This study investigated this relationship by comparing mammalian species with different diets and functional loading (Felis catus, Cercocebus atys, Homo sapiens, Sus scrofa, Oryctolagus cuniculus, Ovis.

Naimark WA, Lee JM, Limeback H, Cheung D. Correlation of structure and viscoelastic properties in the pericardia of four mammalian species. American Journal of Physiology.

; (32):H–H Correlation of structure and viscoelastic propoerties in the pericardia of four mammalian species. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol H–H, Link Google Scholar; 23 Omens JH, Fung YC.

Residual strain in rat left ventricle. Circ Res 37–45, Crossref | PubMed | ISI Google Scholar; 24 Omens JH, McCulloch AD, Criscione JC. The pericardium, the double-layered sac which surrounds and protects your heart and keeps it in your chest, has a number of important functions within.

distinctive mechanical properties. Despite the advantages these fish groups offer as models for the study of skeletal biology, the study of structurefunction relationsh- ips in fish skeletal tissues is, however, still largely incipient.

This review is an excerpt of a book chapter (Seidel. et. Mechanical forces – chewing b. Chemical action – acidity of stomach c. Enzymatic activity – hydrolysis (acts as a catalyst for a biochemical reaction) d. Absorption is similar to mammalian species.

Most enzymes found in the mammalian species are present in the avian small intestine. Differences from pig: (1) Bile and pancreatic ducts. In a study of the cells from sixteen mammalian species, genes employed in DNA repair were found to be up-regulated in the longer-lived species.

The cellular level of the DNA repair enzyme poly ADP ribose polymerase was found to correlate with species lifespan in a study of 13 mammalian species. atomical and mechanical properties of the TM, we let ourselves be guided by the review of Funnell and Laszlo1 in drawing the state of the art of observa-tions on TM structure in various species around Along the way, we shall mention where major advances have been made between andthe present review period.

It may be hoped that in the near future it may become possible to apply this technology in some more mammalian species. According to reports the first human embryonic cells were developed inand currently more than hESC lines have been developed, although only.

Alveolar bone, together with the underlying trabecular bone, fulfils an important role in providing structural support against masticatory forces.

Diseases such as osteoporosis or periodontitis cause alveolar bone resorption which weakens this struct Read More about Mechanical adaptation of trabecular bone morphology in the mammalian mandible. Tonsils are secondary lymphoid organs located in the naso- and oropharynx of most mammalian species.

Most tonsils are characterised by crypts surrounded by dense lymphoid tissue. However, tonsils without crypts have also been recognised. Gut-associated lymphoid tissue (GALT), although not well-organised and lacking tonsillar crypts, is abundant in the avian oropharynx and has.

Mammalian Heart Conserved Throughout Evolution. During the many years of study of form and function of mammalian hearts from mouse to whale we found no fundamental differences between the hearts and circulation of otherwise widely dissimilar species [].It became apparent that the heart, when compared with most other organs or parts of the mammalian body, has been rather insensitive to the.

The most complete classification to the species level is Don E. Wilson and DeeAnn M. Reeder, Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed. The most recent complete classification of mammals to the generic level is Malcolm C.

McKenna and Susan K. Bell, Classification of Mammals Above the Species Level (). Comparing different mammalian species, we find DL O2 about matched to the body's maximal O 2 needs as induced by exercise, but not in a simple fashion.

We find that in “athletic” species, such as dogs, horses, or antelopes, DL O2 is well matched to maximal O 2 needs, whereas “normal” species—including humans—have about 50% excess. PREFERRED HABITAT: Bushy-tailed woodrats are the most boreal species within the Neotoma genus [47,51].They inhabit areas from sea level to 14, feet (4, m) and are most often associated with montane habitats [47,61,].Bushy-tailed woodrats are arboreal rodents [13,21,26,29,30,47], associating primarily with ponderosa pine, Douglas-fir, spruce (Abies spp.), and quaking aspen.

The Ancestor's Tale: A Pilgrimage to the Dawn of Life is a popular science book by Richard Dawkins, with contributions from Dawkins' research assistant Yan follows the path of humans backwards through evolutionary history, meeting humanity's cousins as they converge on common ancestors.

Dawkins' longest book to date, it was nominated for the Aventis Prize for Science. The pericardium is the fluid-filled sac that surrounds the heart and the proximal ends of the aorta, venae cavae, and the pulmonary heart and pericardium are situated behind the sternum (breastbone) in a position in the middle of the chest cavity known as the mediastinum.

His theories are characterized by the idea that, in spite of the fact that the human bone structure and positioning of the internal organs are basically the same as those evolved for the mammalian species that ambulate on four legs, human being have adopted a basically upright two-legged life style that places certain structural strains on the human bone structure, resulting in problems like.

This book results from a study by a committee of the Institute of Medicine and the National Research Council's Board on Agriculture. The committee examined the scientific foundations of medically assisted conception and developed an agenda for basic research in reproductive and developmental biology that would contribute to advances in the clinical and agricultural practice of in vitro.

Recently, two groups reported the high resolution crystal structure of bacterial homologues of the mammalian UT-A (Levin et al., ; Raunser et al., ). Interestingly, in one bacterial species (Desulfovibrio vulgaris), the transporter functions as a trimer, but it was determined to have a dimeric structure in another species.

The Hatts collected only on the surface and in the top 10 cm of sediments in Chamber 3 in Loltun Cave (Hatt et al. Although further excavations were not pursued, the Hatts did recover twenty four mammal species, five of which were introduced (Mus Musculus, Canis familiaris, Equus axinus, Capra Hircus, and Bos Taurus).

Testing should be performed on a mammalian species representative of those found in the area(s) likely to be affected by the proposed use pattern(s) of Page 4 of 24 the test substance. A rationale for the species selection should be presented in the study report. Summing species together, most males (22/ 81%) were recovered from UV light traps.

DISCUSSION. This is the first study to directly compare captures of Culicoides biting midges made using identical traps employing UV light, incandescent light, CO 2, and CO 2 plus 1‐octen‐3‐ol as baiting systems. Even while standardizing for trap design.

3) The reliability with which controlled detachments and reattachments can be created. 4) The specific goals of the study. Different species react differently: finding the best model. Different species do react differently to detachment and not all of these accurately reflect what little we know about the reaction of the human retina.

Viperidae species consist of approximately 50–% of listed species in each geographical area and make up just over 60% of the entire list.

Table 1. Venomous snakes of highest medical importance (category 1); the table was modified classified sub-area in each of four broad geographical regions in tables 3–6 of Fiftyninth report/WHO Expert.

Bring the outside inside the classroom using Learning about Mammals for grades 4 and up. This page book covers classification, appearance, adaptations, and endangered species.

It includes questions, observation activities, crossword puzzles, research projects, study. Using simple mechanical models this book examines the essential structural features and evolution of the mammalian jaw.

Particular emphasis is placed on a study of the factors that contributed to the evolution of a basic jaw mechanism that is essentially the same, if not identical, in the majority of mammals. Badgers live in social groups, typically made up of around four to seven individuals.

6 kg or Black Stallion Popping U, Horse Mating _ Horse Breeding by Beary MuffinNews. Search for. Many mammals have complex social systems and it can be hard to label or categorise a species' mating technique.

(1) Background: Together with treatment protocols, viscoelastic tests are widely used for patient care. Measuring at broader ranges of deformation than currently done will add information on a clot’s mechanical phenotype because fibrin networks follow different stretching regimes, and blood flow compels clots into a dynamic non-linear response.The nearly four-billion year long history of life can be viewed largely as a history of species extinction—the flip side of innovation.

As many as % of all species that have emerged since life's origins are extinct today, together with the novel survival strategies they once embodied. Species extinction is a constant drizzle that is.Song is usually delivered from prominent perches, although some species may sing when flying.

The production of sounds by mechanical means as opposed to the use of the syrinx has been termed variously instrumental music by Charles Darwin, mechanical sounds and more recently sonation. The term sonate has been defined as the act of producing non-vocal sounds that are intentionally .

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